President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's plan to bring the United States out of the Great Depression depended heavily on the New Deal initiatives of his first term. Programs such as Social Security and bank deposit insurance reshaped Americans' lives, but many other New Deal programs were ruled unconstitutional by a conservative Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes. This set the stage for FDR's "court-packing" plan, whereby additional seats, filled by his nominees, would be added to the Supreme Court, tipping the balance in favor of the administration's New Deal. In FDR and Chief Justice Hughes: The President, the Supreme Court, and the Epic Battle Over the New Deal, Simon details the personalities behind one of the most decisive political battles of Roosevelt's presidency.
Chris @ Bay View